Christine Baugh, PhD

Dr. Baugh is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at the Center for Bioethics and Humanities, CU Anschutz Medical Campus. Previously, she was a Fellow in Mental Health Policy in the Department of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School. Her dissertation work (profiled here) focused on injury risk perceptions and decision making in college athletes. Her previous work in this area includes research on concussion-related policy, education, epidemiology, and physical and mental health consequences of brain injury. Dr. Baugh is also interested in multi-stakeholder decision making, policy implementation, empirical approaches to address ethical questions, and data visualization.


Dr. Baugh graduated from Harvard College with an AB in History and Science and a Certificate from Harvard’s Mind Brain and Behavior program. Following graduation, Christine pursued an MPH in Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights at Boston University School of Public Health. She won multiple awards for her capstone work focused on legislative approaches to reduce pediatric concussion. While at Boston University, Christine pursued research at the Boston University Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Center, examining the possible long-term effects of repetitive brain injury. In 2012, she was appointed as a Research Instructor in the Department of Neurology at Boston University School of Medicine. Christine was a Lab Fellow at Harvard’s Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics from 2013-2015, a Graduate Student Fellow at the Petrie Flom Center for Health Law Policy Biotechnology and Bioethics 2014-2015, and is currently a National Collegiate Athletic Association Graduate Student Grant Award Recipient and a Graduate Research Assistant in the Division of Sports Medicine at Boston Children’s Hospital. She was recognized as a game changer by the Forbes 30 Under 30 (Sports) in 2016. Dr. Baugh received her PhD in health policy from Harvard University in 2018.

Peer-Reviewed Publications 

Alosco ML, Kasimis AB, Stamm JM, Chua AS, Baugh CM, Daneshvar DH, Robbins CA, Mariani M, Hayden J, Conneely S, Au R, Torres A, McClean MD, McKee AC, Cantu RC, Mez J, Nowinski CJ, Martin BM, Chaisson CE, Tripodis Y, Stern RA. Age of first exposure to American football and long-term neuropsychiatric and cognitive outcomes. Transl Psychiatry. 2017 Sep 19;7(9):e1236.

Mez J, Daneshvar DH, Kiernan PT, Abdolmohammadi B, Alvarez VE, Huber BR, Alosco ML, Solomon TM, Nowinski CJ, McHale L, Cormier KA, Kubilus CA, Martin BM, Murphy L, Baugh CM, Montenigro PH, Chaisson CE, Tripodis Y, Kowall NW, Weuve J, McClean MD, Cantu RC, Goldstein LE, Katz DI, Stern RA, Stein TD, McKee AC.
Clinicopathological Evaluation of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Players of American Football. JAMA. 2017 Jul 25;318(4):360-370.

Buckley TA, Baugh CM, Meehan WP 3rd, DiFabio MS. Concussion Management Plan Compliance: A Study of NCAA Power 5 Conference Schools. Orthop J Sports Med. 2017 Apr 25;5(4):2325967117702606.

Alosco ML, Jarnagin J, Tripodis Y, Martin B, Chaisson C, Baugh CM, Torres A, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, Stern RA. Utility of providing a concussion definition in the assessment of concussion history in former NFL players. Brain Inj. 2017;31(8):1116-1123.

Alosco ML, Tripodis Y, Jarnagin J, Baugh CM, Martin B, Chaisson CE, Estochen N, Song L, Cantu RC, Jeromin A, Stern RA. Repetitive head impact exposure and later-life plasma total tau in former National Football League players. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring. 7:33-40. 2017.

Hatfield LA, Baugh CM, Azzone V, Normand ST. Regulator Loss Functions and Hierarchical Modeling for Safety Decision Making. Med Decis Making. 2017 Jul;37(5):512-522.

Register-Mihalik J, Baugh CM, Kroshus E, Kerr ZY, Valovich McLeod TC. A multifactorial approach to sport-related concussion prevention and education: Application of the socioecological framework. Journal of Athletic Training. 52(3); 195-205. 2017.

Baugh CM, Kroshus E, Kiernan PT, Mendel D, Meehan WP. Football players' perceptions of future risk of concussion and concussion-related health outcomes. J Neurotrauma. 34(4): 790-797. 2017.

Stern RA, Seichepine D, Tschoe C, Fritts NG, Alosco ML, Berkowitz O, Burke P, Howland J, Olshaker J, Cantu RC, Baugh CM, Holsapple JW. Utilization of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines in the evaluation and management of concussion: A survey of New England emergency departmentsJ Neurotrauma. 2016. (ePub ahead of print)

Kroshus E, Baugh CM, Stein CJ, Austin SB, Calzo JP. Concussion reporting, sex, and conformity to traditional gender norms in young adultsJournal of Adolescence. 54: 110-119. 2017.

Yang YT and Baugh CMUS youth soccer concussion policy: Heading in the right directionJAMA Pediatrics. 2016. (Online first)

Stern RA, Tripodis Y, Baugh CM, Fritts NG, Martin BM, Chaisson C, Cantu RC, Joyce JA, Shah S, Ikezu T, Zhang J, Gercel-Taylor C, Taylor DD. Plasma exosomal tau as a potential biomarker for chronic traumatic encephalopathyJ Alzheimers Dis. 2016. (ePub ahead of print)

Baugh CM, Kroshus E, Stamm JM, Daneshvar DH, Pepin MJ, and Meehan, WM. Clinical practices in collegiate concussion management. Am J Sports Med. 2016. (Online first)

Lowrey K, Morain S, Baugh CM. Do ethics demand evaluations of public health laws? Shifting scientific sand and the case of youth sports-related TBI laws. J Health Care Law & Policy. 2015. (In press)

Baugh CM and Kerr ZY. High School Rowing Injuries: National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION). J Athletic Training. (In press)

Kroshus E, Baugh CM. Concussion education in US collegiate sport: What is happening and what do athletes want? Health Educ Behav. 43(2):182-90. 2016.

Kerr ZY, Register-Mihalik JK, Kroshus E, Baugh CM, Marshall SW. Motivations associated with non-disclosure of self-reported concussion in former college athletes. Am J Sports Med. 44(1):220-5. 2015.

Koerte IK, Hufschmidt J, Muehlmann M, Tripodis Y, Stamm JM, Giwerc MY, Coleman MJ, Baugh CM, Fritts NG, Lin AP, Stern RA, Shenton ME. Cavum septi pellucidi in symptomatic former professional football playersJ Neurotrauma. 33(4):346-53. 2015.

Kroshus E, Garnett BR, Baugh CM, Calzo JP. Social norms theory and concussion educationHealth Educ Res. 30(6):1004-1013. 2015.

Kroshus E, Garnett BR, Baugh CM, Calzo JP. Engaging teammates in the promotion of concussion help-seekingHealth Educ Behav. 2015. (In press)

Stamm JM, Koerte IK, Muehlmann M, Bourlas AP, Baugh CM, Giwerc MY, Zhu A, Coleman MJ, Fritts NG, Martin MB, Chaisson C, McClean MD, Lin AP, Tripodis Y, Shenton ME, Stern RA. Age at first exposure to football is associated with altered corpus callosum white matter microstructure in former professional football players. J Neurotrauma. 32:1-9. 2015.

Baugh CM and Kroshus E. Concussion management in US college football: Progress and pitfallsConcussion. 1(1): 49-61. 2015.

Kroshus E, Baugh CM, Daneshvar DH. Content, delivery and effectiveness of concussion education for U.S. college coachesClin J Sports Med. 2015. (ePub ahead of print)

Baugh CM and Shapiro ZE. Concussions and youth football: Using a public health law framework to head off a potential public health crisisJ Law Biosci. 2(2):449-458. 2015.

Kroshus E, Garnett B, Hawrilenko M, Baugh CM, Calzo JP. Concussion under-reporting and pressure from coaches, teammates, fans, and parentsSoc Sci Med. 134:66-75. 2015.

Kerr ZY, Baugh CM, Hibberd EE, Snook EM, Hayden R, Dompier TP. Epidemiology of National Collegiate Athletic Association men’s and women’s swimming and diving injuries from 2009/2010 to 2013/2014Br J Sports Med. 49(7): 465-471. 2015.

Kroshus E, Baugh CM, Hawrilenko MJ, Daneshvar DH. Determinants of coach communication about concussion safety in U.S. collegiate contact and collision sportAnn Behav Med. 49(4): 532-541. 2015.

Stamm JM, Bourlas AP, Baugh CM, Fritts NG, Daneshvar DH, Martin BM, McClean MD, Tripodis Y, Stern RA. Age of first exposure to football and later-life cognitive impairment in former NFL players. Neurology. 84(11): 1114-1120. 2015.

Kroshus E*, Baugh CM*, Daneshvar DH, Stamm JM, Laursen RM, Austin SB. Pressure on sports medicine clinicians to prematurely return collegiate athletes to play after concussion.  J Athletic Training. 50(9):944-951. 2015. *Shared first authorship.

Baugh CM, Kiernan PT, Kroshus E, Daneshvar DH, Montenigro PH, McKee AC, Stern RA. Frequency of head impact related outcomes by position in NCAA Division I collegiate football playersJ Neurotrauma. 32:1-13. 2014.

Baugh CM*, Kroshus E*, Daneshvar DH, Filali N, Hiscox MJ, Glantz LG. Concussion management in United States college sports: Compliance with National Collegiate Athletic Association concussion policy and areas for improvementAm J Sports Med. 2014. 43(1):47-56. *Shared first authorship.

Kroshus E, Baugh CM, Hawrilenko M, Daneshvar DH. Pilot randomized evaluation of publically available concussion education materials: Evidence of a possible negative effectHealth Educ Behav. 42(2): 153-162. 2015.

Kroshus E, Baugh CM, Daneshvar DH, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC. Concussion reporting intention: A valuable metric for predicting reporting behavior and evaluating concussion educationClin J Sports Med. 25(3): 243-247. 2015.

Baugh CM, Kroshus E, Daneshvar DH, Stern RA. Perceived coach support and concussion symptom reporting: differences between freshmen and non-freshmen college football playersJ Law Med Ethics.42(3):314-322. 2014.

Baugh CM, Kroshus E, Bourlas AP, Perry KI§. Requiring athletes to acknowledge receipt of concussion-related information and responsibility to report symptoms: A study of the prevalence, variation, and possible improvementsJ Law Med Ethics. 42(3):297-313. 2014. §Student advisee author.

Montenigro PH, Baugh CM, Daneshvar DH, Mez J, Budson AE, Au R, Katz DI, Cantu RC, Stern RA. Clinical subtypes of chronic traumatic encephalopathy: Literature review and proposed research diagnostic criteria for traumatic encephalopathy syndromeAlzheimers Res Ther. 6(5):68. 2014.

Baugh CM, Robbins CA, Stern RA, McKee AC. Current understanding of chronic traumatic encephalopathyCurr Treat Options Neurol. 16(9): 306. 2014. (Invited Review)

Robbins CA, Daneshvar DH, Picano JD, Gavett BE, Baugh CM, Riley DO, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC, Cantu RC, Stern RA. Self-reported concussion history: Impact of providing a definition of concussionOpen Access J Sports Med. 5:99-103. 2014.

Kroshus E, Baugh CM, Daneshvar DH, Viswanath K. Understanding concussion reporting using a model based on the Theory of Planned BehaviorJ Adolesc Health. 45(3):269-274.e2. 2014.

Kroshus E, Daneshvar DH, Baugh CM, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC. NCAA concussion education in ice hockey: An ineffective mandateBr J Sports Med. 48(2):135-140. 2014.

Stern RA, Daneshvar DH, Baugh CM, Seichepine DR, Montenigro PH, Riley DO, Fritts NG, Stamm JM, Robbins CA, McHale L, Simkin I, Stein TD, Alvarez VE, Goldstein LE, Budson AE, Kowall NW, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, McKee AC. Clinical presentation of chronic traumatic encephalopathyNeurology. 81(13):1122-1129. 2013.

Seichepine DR, Stamm JM, Daneshvar DH, Riley DO, Baugh CM, Gavett BE, Tripodis Y, Martin B, Chaisson C, McKee AC, Cantu RC, Nowinski CJ,  Stern RA. Profile of self-reported problems with executive functioning in college and professional football playersJ Neurotrauma. 30(14):1299-1304. 2013.

McKee AC, Stein TD, Nowinski CJ, Stern RA, Daneshvar DH, Alvarez VE, Lee H-S, Hall GF, Wojtowicz SM, Baugh CM, Riley DO, Kubilus CA, Cormier KA, Jacobs MA, Martin BR, Abraham CR, Ikezu T, Reichard RR, Wolozin BL, Budson AE, Goldstein LE, Kowall NW, Cantu RC. The spectrum of disease in chronic traumatic encephalopathyBrain. 136(1):43-64. 2013.

Baugh CM, Stamm JM, Riley DO, Gavett BE, Shenton ME, Lin A, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, McKee AC, Stern RA. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: Neurodegeneration following repetitive concussive and subconcussive brain traumaBrain Imaging Behav. 6(2):244-54. 2012.

Stern, RA, Gavett BE, Baugh CM, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, McKee AC. Recurrent sports-related traumatic brain injury and tauopathy. In Nutrition and Traumatic Brain Injury: Improving Acute and Subacute Health Outcomes in Military Personnel. Erdman J, Oria M, and Pillsbury L,eds. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2011. pp. 305-310.

Daneshvar DH, Baugh CM, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC, Stern RA, Cantu RC. Helmets and mouth guards: The role of personal equipment in preventing sport-related concussionsClin Sports Med. 30(1):145-163. 2011.